The term “evidence-based” refers to treatment that’s been proven to work in a legitimate, scientifically sound research setting. Quality rehab programs rely on some of these evidence-based psychotherapies:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy. Based on the theory that destructive behaviors result from false or negative beliefs, this popular therapy seeks to create positive behaviors by replacing false beliefs with realistic ones.
- Interpersonal group therapy. Based on the theory that people turn to addiction due to lack of fulfillment in their relationships, this therapy seeks to improve relationship skills.
- Modified dynamic group therapy. Based on the theory that addiction stems from an inability to manage emotions, this therapy teaches emotional coping skills and self-control.
- Multidimensional family therapy. Based on the theory that addiction in adolescents occurs as a result of unhealthy family dynamics, this therapy gets the whole family involved in a teen’s recovery.
- Motivational interviewing. This technique clarifies the benefits of treatment for the addicted person and helps crystallize his or her motivations for quitting.
- Contingency management. This therapy uses positive reinforcements and incentives to encourage sobriety.
A quality drug rehab program may not necessarily use all of these psychotherapeutic methods, but it will use one or more of them, often in conjunction with options such as nutritional and fitness therapy, alternative treatments, life skills training and aftercare.