Oakland is a well-known and popular major West Coast port city in the U.S. state of California. Oakland is the third largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth-largest city in California, and the 45th-largest city in the entire U.S. The city ranks in with a population of 413,775 as of the year 2014. Oakland serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area. Its Port of Oakland is the busiest port for San Francisco Bay, all of Northern California, and the fifth busiest in the United States. Incorporated in the year 1852, Oakland is the county seat of Alameda County. The city is situated conveniently and directly across the bay, six miles east of San Francisco.
As for its history, Oakland’s territory covers what was once a mosaic of coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and north coastal scrub alike. Its land served as a rich resource when its hillside oak and redwood timber were logged to build San Francisco, and Oakland's fertile flatland soils helped it become a prolific agricultural region later on. In the late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the western terminal of the infamous and at that time crucial Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Franciscans relocated to Oakland, enlarging the city's population immensely, increasing its housing stock, and improving its infrastructure overall. The city continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port, shipyards, and a thriving automobile manufacturing industry even after many of its residents went back to San Francisco.
In present day, Oakland is now known for its infamous sustainability practices, including a top ranking for usage of electricity from renewable resources. Oakland is also known for its history of political activism, as well as its professional sports franchises and major corporations, which include health care, dot-com companies and manufacturers of household products. In addition, thanks to a steady influx of immigrants during the 20th century, along with thousands of African-American war-industry workers who relocated from the Deep South during the 1940s, Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major cities in the entire United States.
Oakland, California: The City and its Drug Addiction Problem in Review and Summary
Oakland is a very diverse city, and it also sadly has a very, very diverse and very serious drug abuse problem in today’s modern age. Since the turn of the century in fact, the city of Oakland has begun to accrue more and more drug abuse and addiction amongst its residents and visitors more so than perhaps ever before in the city’s history.
Today the city’s residents suffer with addiction to anything from legal, easily obtainable, and supposedly safe prescription drugs to hard, illegal, and deadly heroin, to hallucinogenic LSD, to dangerous crack cocaine, to even simple marijuana. If something isn’t done soon about this problem, the city may very well experience an addiction epidemic the likes of which it has never, ever seen before.
Facts and Statistics on Drug Addiction Problems in Oakland and Across California
To better understand the issue in Oakland, some facts and statistics regarding the drug abuse crisis in the city and across the state of California have been culled from various investigative organizations and included below:
• Prescription drug abuse is the most commonly abused drug in Oakland, particularly prescription opiates. The number of people being treated for prescription opioid addiction in publicly funded or monitored programs has nearly doubled since 2007.
• Prescription medication misuse and overdose is a national epidemic too, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC). When it comes to unintentional injury deaths in the U.S., more people die from prescription medication overdoses than in motor vehicle crashes. In 2012, there were more than 41,000 deaths in this country related to drug overdoses – more than half of those deaths involved prescription drugs, and a strong portion of those came from the state of California.
• In the past, prescription opioids, (such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine and codeine), were prescribed for relieving short-term, (acute), pain. In California today, they are increasingly being used for long-term, (chronic), pain management. As a result, sales of opioid pain relievers quadrupled in the past 10 years in the state of California alone. By 2010, enough opioid pain relievers were sold nationally to medicate every American adult (about 240 million people) every four hours for an entire month.
• In California, deaths involving opioid prescription medications have increased 16.5 percent since 2006. In 2012, there were more than 1,800 deaths from all types of opioids – 72 percent involved prescription opioids.
Rehabilitation Sought as a Cure for the Addiction Crisis in Oakland Residents
For the types of debugs that are currently being absurd in Oakland, California, namely prescription drugs and opioid drugs, only inpatient rehab programs will suffice in the ever-lasting battle of fighting against drug addiction in California.
Only inpatient rehab will suffice for these individuals because, for Oakland addicts, only inpatient rehab centers have the detox services and counseling methods necessary to fully rehabilitate the addicted individuals in Oakland. With the types of drugs that are being abused in Oakland, only inpatient rehab will suffice as the addicted populace of Oakland need detox, therapy, counseling, group sessions, electives, life skills, coping strategies, relapse prevention, and a safe, secure, and drug-free environment to receive all of those services in.