Everyone who is suffering from addiction issues has their own unique story to tell. There is no one reason behind addiction developing in a person and for that reason, there are varying treatment approaches available. Some people respond better to outpatient care, whereas others need to immerse themselves in a completely different environment in residential or inpatient drug treatment programs.
What’s The Difference Between Inpatient Treatment Centers and Outpatient Care?
When someone with substance abuse disorder reaches the point where they accept they need help to overcome their addiction, the next step is to find the most appropriate program for their needs. While both outpatient and inpatient treatment centers offer similar therapies and work towards the same goal of sobriety, there are distinct differences between the two, such as:
- Where patients live during treatment: People opting for outpatient care continue to reside at home while they receive treatment, which means they are able to continue to meet their obligations at work, school or home. Residential treatment removes patients completely from the environment surrounding their addiction, providing 24/7 support to ensure they complete treatment.
- Duration of the program: In both inpatient drug treatment programsand outpatient care, the duration of the program depends on the needs of the individual patient and can vary in length from 3-6 weeks through to 6 months to a year. Because outpatient addiction treatment is less time-intensive than inpatient care, it can take longer for patients to complete a program than in a residential facility.
- Intensity of the program and severity of addiction addressed:Some people who have been using substances for prolonged periods of time may have developed more severe symptoms of addiction. Inpatient treatment centers are designed to deliver a more intense level of treatment while providing patients with the tools to cope with stressors and triggers when they return home. Outpatient treatment is generally considered more appropriate for someone with less severe addiction issues or as part of an aftercare program for those leaving residential care.
- Supplemental therapies and approaches offered:The therapies and services provided by rehab programs can differ and residential facilities are more likely to have a wider range of complementary or holistic treatments available. Because holistic approaches are generally offered in combination with traditional medical treatment, residential facilities are generally better-equipped to offer a more comprehensive program than outpatient care.
What Services Do Inpatient Treatment Centers Offer?
Inpatient treatment programs are generally delivered in a specialist facility and after extensive evaluation and assessment; personalized programs are devised by medical professionals. In the main, patients attend a 28-day inpatient treatment program but treatment can be extended should the patient require it.
Evaluation is a crucial part of residential addiction treatment, particularly because the majority of people with addiction illness also suffer from a co-existing mental health condition. These patients are known as dual diagnosis and an inpatient treatment program is considered the most effective way of delivering treatment in these cases.
This is mainly because the complex dance between addiction and mental health requires a very specific approach. First of all, a therapist has to determine the nature of the patient’s mental illness, for example, whether it is depression, anxiety, PTSD or a personality disorder. The next step is to identify whether the illness existed before addiction or has developed as a result. Once therapists have a clearer picture of a dual-diagnosis patient’s case history, they are then able to devise a treatment program that addresses both addiction and mental illness separately and at the same time.
The treatment process at inpatient treatment programs normally consists of:
Detox: A 28-day inpatient treatment program usually begins with detox, which is supervised by medical staff throughout to ensure patients do not suffer from more serious side effects. Once detox has been completed and the influence of substances expelled from the body, patients are then ready to enter the next phase of rehabilitation.
Assessment: The first stage of rehab involves individual therapy to identify patient’s specific treatment needs so that a program can be devised to address them in rehab.
Individual and group therapy: Through both one-to-one and group therapy sessions, patients in inpatient drug treatment programs are able to understand more about themselves and their relationship with drugs or alcohol. It is also in these sessions that patients are able to build a strong support network to assist them in preventing relapse in recovery. Therapy also identifies what motivates a patient’s substance abuse and the triggers and stressors that lead to it so as to provide appropriate coping mechanisms for recovery.
Aftercare planning: Once a 28-day inpatient treatment program has been completed, patients often feel that they need more support when they return home. During inpatient drug treatment programs, physicians and therapists form a thorough understanding of each patient’s case and they are able to devise the appropriate level of aftercare for their individual needs. Aftercare programs usually include:
- Ongoing therapy and counseling
- Additional treatment at ‘transitional’ facilities such as sober houses
- Opportunities for patients to develop new hobbies to replace unhealthy behaviors
- Detailed strategies for relapse prevention in the face of stressors in recovery
Discharge: When an aftercare program has been devised and plans for relapse prevention are in place, patients are ready to be discharged from the residential facility. It is always important for patients to be consistent with their follow up and aftercare as it has been proven the best way to maintain sobriety over the long term.
The Types of Inpatient Treatment Available
Each residential treatment program has a different approach and offers its own variety of services. There are some inpatient programs that have been designed specifically to appeal to different demographics, including:
Luxury: There are upmarket rehab centers that provide luxury amenities that are more on a par with hotels than an addiction treatment facility. These are naturally more expensive than other treatment options but can provide someone with addiction illness a level of comfort that encourages them to stay engaged with treatment for the duration of their program. Luxury rehab offers some of the following services:
- Private rooms
- Massages and Spa Treatments
- Gourmet food
- Luxurious facilities
- A good variety of recreational pursuits
Executive: Executive rehab generally allows busy professionals the opportunity to get intensive treatment for their addiction while they are able to continue to participate in their work duties. This differs from outpatient care in that executive rehab requires patients to reside in the facility.
Gender-Specific: Patients in residential rehab form extremely close bonds with each other which are vital in supporting them in recovery. However, some people prefer males and females to be separated during treatment because they feel more able to express themselves or are less distracted.
Teen-Specific: Addiction amongst teenagers is on the rise and so are facilities that are dedicated to their treatment. Teenagers who have substance abuse disorder may have fallen behind with their academic studies and teen-specific rehab can offer them the chance to catch up while being guided towards recovery. Removing teenagers from the influence of their peers during addiction treatment can make a significant difference to how effective their recovery will be.